Strategies for teamwork
A growing number of projects involve multiple researchers working collaboratively. While teams offer higher productivity and a richer perspective, they also present a number of management challenges.
Ways to collaborate
Many projects involve multiple researchers working together. A challenge with teamwork is balancing coding (and thinking) as though you are all one person, with taking an independent approach to coding (and thinking) to bring the value of diverse viewpoints and experience into the research.
- Share projects using NVivo Server—this is the best solution for team work since everyone in your team can work on the same project at the same time. They can code, annotate and link content and have immediate access to the changes made by other team members.
- Work in copies of a standalone project and merge them into a master project at appropriate intervals—making use of user profiles to track changes.
While teams offer higher productivity and a richer perspective, they also present a number of management challenges. Early in a project it is important to determine the approach your team will take to:
- Collecting and organizing data
- Creating and cataloging themes and topics (the node structure)
- Coding the data
Strategies for managing teamwork
Whether you work with NVivo Server or collaborate in a standalone project you might want to consider the following:
- Appoint a team leader who will keep the team on track and make final coding decisions.
- Have regular team meetings to discuss interpretations, address issues and assign tasks—record the outcomes in a memo.
- Have each team member keep a memo to record their progress, including any hunches, suggestions or questions—you could also do this in a single ‘teamwork journal’.
- Early on, have multiple team members code the same collection of files, then compare coding (using coding stripes or a Coding Comparison query)—this can help ensure a consistent approach.
- To start with, make a node hierarchy for each team member. After team discussion, you can refine, merge and reorganize.
- Aim for a clear node structure and use descriptions (in node properties) to make the purpose of a node clear for all team members.
- To help team members understand the meaning of nodes, create a codebook that lists the nodes and their descriptions. Export nodes
- As the project progresses, see which nodes have been created or modified and by which team member—do this in Node List View
or by running a Node Summary report.
- While a common node structure is important for efficiency and reliability— it should remain flexible so that new insights and exciting ideas are not lost.
Compare the coding of team members
NVivo provides a number of ways to check consistency or coder reliability:
- Run a Coding Comparison query to determine the percentage of agreement and disagreement between coders.
- Display coding stripes for users—you can open a file and see the coding done by each researcher.
- Filter the content of a node to see only the references coded by selected researchers
Remember that inconsistency in coding is not necessarily negative— it may prompt productive debate and deeper insights into the data.