Operators and special characters

Boolean operators

Operator Description Syntax Example

OR

Searches for items containing either (or both) of two terms.

When you enter multiple words or phrases without an operator, the OR is implied.

A OR B

 

AND

Searches for items containing both terms.

A AND B

NOT

(-) Prohibit

Searches for items containing the first term but not the second term.

Cannot be used with a single term.

A NOT B

 

+ (required) Searches for items containing the required term and optionally the second term.

+A B

Wildcard and proximity characters

Character

Example

Will find

Use an asterisk (*) as a substitute for zero or more characters.

g*t  

will find get, great and gt

Use the question mark (?) as a substitute for a single character.

g?t

get and got but not great or grunt

Use the tilde (~) character after a word to find words that differ by one character (added, removed or substituted) from the search term.

 

color~

colors and colour
analyze~ analyzes and analyse

Use the tilde (~) character followed by a number to finds words that are within a specified word distance from each other.

"happy busy"~10 Searches for instances of the words happy and busy within 10 words of each other

Other special characters

Character Name Use

+

Plus

 

Indicate words or phrases that must be included

-

Hyphen

Can be used in place of NOT

&&

Ampersand

Can be used in place of AND

|

Pipe

Can be used in place of OR

 !

Exclamation mark

Can be used in place of NOT

( )

Round brackets

Groups clauses to form sub queries

" "

Double quotes

Enclose a group of words to enable search for a phrase

~

Tilde

Indicate proximity

*

Asterisk

Multiple character wildcard to include any number of characters

?

Question mark

Single character wild card to include only one character